The Different Types of Cardiovascular Fitness
Most people have a basic idea of what cardiovascular fitness is, how it is displayed, and the types of exercise that can improve it. However, we want to take a moment to cover a few basic types of cardiovascular fitness.
Sprinting-in Olympic sprinting, the 100, 200, and 400 are current events. To put this distance into context of miles, the 400 is roughly a quarter-mile and the distances shorten from there. This type of exercise, training, and competition focuses on max speed over short distances.
Mid-distance running-distance running in commonly referred to as anything over roughly two miles, so by that logic, mid-distance running would be anything between the 400 (quarter-mile) and two miles. This type of running still has a strong focus on speed but starts to get into the realm of cardiovascular endurance.
Distance running-as noted above, it is commonly accepted that anything over roughly two miles in considered distance running. However, this definition gives way to wide interpretation. For example, a 3k, 5k, half-marathon, marathon, and ultra running are all examples of distance running, but place far different levels of strain on the body. At the same time, the exercise and training for the different distance running methods varies widely, though overlap occurs.
Cardiovascular fitness under load-this was touched on briefly already, so refer to the previous section about it and, as previously noted, if you have questions, let us know.
Which Type of Cardiovascular Exercise is Best for You? Much like resistance training, the type of cardiovascular exercise that is best for you depends on your unique situation. The methods noted and described in brief detail in the last newsletter, sprinting, mid-distance running, distance running, and cardiovascular fitness under load, all have merit, as well as pros and cons.
For example, sprinting is best for building the greatest level of running speed possible and can get someone in and out of the gym quicker than some other methods. Distance running as a primary cardiovascular training method is ideal for amateur or competitive runners who compete in marathons or similar distance events. Working cardio fitness under load may be ideal for people who prefer not to run, or who need a more combined transfer of resistance and cardio training into functional activity in their everyday life.
With that in mind, we want to talk about cardio training as it applies to general health and fitness. For general health and fitness, it is best to focus on all areas of cardio training listed here. This approach will create a body that is more adept at handling the different stressors of life and improve multiple aspects of fitness simultaneously. Explaining this in greater detail is beyond the scope of a blog. If you want to know more about this, let us know. If you are a current client, bring the topic up during your next session. If you are not a current client, contact us.